Properties of Energy & Matter by Cranwell
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by James Cranwell 4/19/98  Part VI ... The Big Bang Myth  

Energy equals frequency ( E = hf )
Area Increases, Energy must divide.

area increase

Light energy wave vibrations expand spherically away from their point of origin (The Star). Also, the waves or vibrations are expanding away from each other. There is more and more area to cover with the same unit amount of Energy.
click for large, clear picture
click for large picture of expanding waves

What this means is light vibrations along the strings propagating through space will be divided to fill the ever increasing area. This is accomplished by a reduction in frequency or an increase in wavelength and is the reason for what is otherwise known as the Red shift (except of course some actual random movement). The further away, the greater the division or separation of particle vectors, the more red shift.

The Universe isn't expanding, although the fusion reaction in the sun and other stars does allow the release and expansion of billions and billions of Flux particles from confinement in nuclei back into their normal state. This excess amount will generate raw material for the formation of other matter elsewhere in the Universe and give space an ever changing star field by a type of cosmic convection. Stars radiate spherically. So, their energy, matter or light is distributed evenly throughout the cosmos. And since the light from all stars also converges or can be seen from any point in the Universe, this means we are a small part of everything in the Universe.
The Universe extends to an inconceivable infinity. However far you go into Space there's more Space, filled with Planets, Stars, and Galaxies with no place left to expand into... Think about it... the Universe can't expand, it's already there.

click for larger
Professor Stephen Hawking has blundered...
This picture is from his book
"a briefer history of time" page 29
it's easy to see the Waves getting further apart from each other as time increase.

Big-Bang...not this time.

There wasn't a Big Bang. Everything can't be assembled neatly in a package somewhere. You can't do that with infinity. The Universe can't collapse under its own forces. Everything is being pulled on from every direction (no matter how far a small mind thinks the edge of the universe is, there is still an infinity beyond). Nothing can assemble to a point where it contains everything.

Thinking there was an original point of inception (Big Bang) and everything is racing away from it is the same as thinking the Earth is the center of the Universe and everything else revolves around it.

Different distances will have different Red-Shift value

Wavelength will increase at differing rates at different distances... greater initial shifts then less as sphere of light in any given direction increases (for all intents and purposes) to almost parallel. If Star S401 and Star G401 are absolutely motionless in relation to each other and the observer they will appear to have a different red-shift if they are at different distances. Our Sun is included although it can't be regarded as a point source like the more distant stellar counterparts.

Actual movement clouds the issue even further.

Actual movement of Star relative to the observer will cause increase or decrease in amount of Red-Shift over a given time period. If Star R327 actually is racing away and the red shift is noted, then some time later its red shift is measured again and it has increased, it is not racing away faster... it's racing away constant. Only the amount of energy its light has lost because of position has changed. Blue shifted starlight from an incoming Star can actually be red-shifted back to zero shift and falsely appear to have no movement.

Other possible reasons:

The point here is there can be perceived shift without actual movement.

The Big Bang itself expanded much faster than the speed of light?

Here is a wild one…
We all know the universe is created-with / made-from threads.
The only way for vibrations to travel along the threads would be if there is tension on the threads.
Light is actually a vibration traveling along the threads.

TL = mc^2

Tension * Length = mass * speed of light squared

Mechanical reason for c in E=mc^2

So, if we could theoretically reduce the universe to only one thread.
The speed of light is the speed the vibrations travels along the thread. The frequency is something different… that would be the note or the color perceived.

If there was a Big-Bang (which I don’t believe) the singularity would be like the (let’s say) guitar string still coiled up. As you uncoil the guitar string and expand it to its fullest length… that would be the rate of expansion of the universe.

If you think about this scenario for a minute you will realize… the rate you uncoil the string (for instance… coiled to stretched in 1 second) has nothing whatsoever to do with the speed the string will vibrate.

If there was a universal expansion… it might have happened incredibly fast or slow… there is no way to know. Completely irrelevant to the speed of light or anything else.
From zero (singularity) to what we know / perceive as 15 billion light years in what we perceive as one second… why not? Then when it has expanded enough to create tension on the network… it starts to vibrate.

If anything broke free from the network as it was expanding… it might have unimaginable speed.

p.s. It’s like being a character in a movie… not only do they not know how fast the movie projector is running… they also do not know how long it took to assemble the projector.

Quantum Weirdness:

We are here... therefore an infinite Universe. There cannot be an edge or any type of end to the Universe. Any wall will always have something on the other side.

Properties of Energy & Matter * part VII *

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