


by James Cranwell 2/01/98  Part V ... Relativity 
Note: some of these examples are intended only to show a direct correlation or relationship between everything ...inclusive
E = mc^{2} (Energy equals Mass times the speed of light squared) and...
E = hf (Energy equals frequency, h is constant).
Therefore, we can replace E in the first equation with hf and get the result hf = mc^{ 2}
When Mass is released as Energy it leaves the nucleus as Electrons traveling through free space at the speed of light, don't forget, the Electron is two dimensions. So, Energy equals Mass traveling at the speed (or length) of light in two dimensions or
This can be thought of as the balled up strings of protons and neutrons (the mass) contained in the nucleus suddenly expanding, actually creating more of (what we call) space and vibrating away from center as 2D electrons
A quick textbook type dimensional analysis gives even further insight...
The E or energy in this case is measured in joules with dimensions of [M][L^{2}] / [T^{2}]
That's mass times length squared divided by time squared
The m part of the mc^{2} is mass with dimensions of [M]
So far we have the energy part [M][L^{2}] / [T^{2}] = and the mass part [M]
To make the right side equal the left we have to multiply the mass by [L^{2}] / [T^{2}]
that's length^{2} divided by time^{2} or meters^{2}/seconds^{2}
Speed of light "c" is measured in meters per seconds [L] / [T]
Squaring this we arrive at the needed [L^{2}] / [T^{2}]
Is there anything that has the dimensional form [L^{2}] / [T^{2}] already?
What did the gravitational constant look like?.......m^{3} kg^{1} s^{2} = [L^{3}] / [M][T^{2}] units
In an atom, most of the Mass is contained in the nucleus. However, an Electron does have mass and the
The width of an atom is 100,000 times larger than the nucleus.
That makes the volumetric (spherical) difference of helium one quadrillion... 1,000,000,000,000,000
That means one quadrillion nucleus sized spheres can fit inside an atom sized sphere.
So if a proton converts from balled up to atom size, that is the exact change in size of the field at the spot. The amount of disruption or change in field size (commandeering) is from nucleus size to atom size.
This is the equivalent of energy (vibrations into the field) released by the shape change.
It would be like having one particle then having one quadrillion particles.
The check... E = mc^2 ...mass times speed of light squared is the amount.
And since everything is strings, and there are 20 string per particle, and there were 4 protons / neutrons in the nucleus (of this model).
Here is the answer (in meters per second)...
speed of light squared / one quadrillion = 89.8755179
And there are 20 strings per particle...
89.8755179 / 20 = 4.49377589
And there where 4 particles (proton, neutron) in the nucleus...
4.49377589 / 4 = 1.12344397
Since the answer is almost exactly one... it means if you divided the speed of light (squared) up into one quadrillion proton sized particles with 20 strings each they would almost exactly fit inside an atom sized sphere.
You have to understand what I mean by commandeering to understand this.
p.s. if you take sphere packing into account the answer might be even closer to one.
You have to remember the 100,000 (thousand) sized difference (although very accurate) is only an estimate.
Mass doesn't actually convert into energy... it changes shape.
Mass (a proton) changes in shape and that shape change vibrates the field... that is energy. The proton was made of string and they are still there.
It is kind of like if you had a guitar string with tension on it and added a millimeter instantly to the length... it would make the string vibrate.
They call it potential energy.
Properties of Energy & Matter  * part VI * 